South Africans have endured power cuts for years but 2022 was the worst on record with 99 days of rolling blackouts since October 31, 2022.South African President Cyril Ramaphosa delivered his annual State of the Union address in Cape Town and announced that South Africa has entered a state of disaster in local time February 9 2023.The South African government has published a state of disaster declaration, effective immediately.
As in a state of national disaster, it will be able to offer multi measures to support businesses in food production, storage and retail supply chains, and to save critical infrastructure such as hospitals from power outages. South Africa implemented more than 200 days of different levels of power reduction measures in 2022, and power reduction measures have been implemented every day since 2023.
Ramaphosa said he would appoint an electricity minister with full responsibility for overseeing all aspects of efforts to tackle the power crisis. "At this time, South Africa's most urgent task is to significantly reduce the duration of power outages in the coming months and work towards an eventual end to power outages."
The number of consecutive blackout days in South Africa is close to a record level, and the number of consecutive blackout days in South Africa is approaching a record level. rolling blackouts have been implemented for 99 consecutive days since October 31, 2022,, reaching the longest duration so far.
Eskom（State-owned） which generates nearly all of South Africa's electricity, is expected to remain out of power for at least two years as the company undertakes extensive repairs to its generating units. Eskom is trying to increase its energy availability factor to 70% by March 2025, from around half the current energy availability factor, and build an additional 4,000 to 6,000 MW of generating capacity.
Eskom's equipment is aging and poorly maintained and most coal-fired plants are unable to keep up with demand, the company needs to implement load shedding to protect the grid from collapse. Eskom has implemented level six blackouts for 10 consecutive days this year, the worst load shedding to date. Affected by multiple factors such as frequent failures of generator sets, lack of maintenance of equipment, and rising fuel prices, power rationing has become the norm in South Africa since the outbreak of the new crown epidemic.
The power supply crisis has had a negative impact on the South African economy. The South African Reserve Bank said in an email response to questions that the rolling blackouts of about 6 to 12 hours a day, the so-called three to six blackouts, will cause a daily loss of 204 million to the South African economy. to 899 million rand.
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